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Cervical cancer is a disease that starts in the cervix, the lower, narrow end of the uterus. It is almost always caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that can be passed from one person to another during sex.
Two screening tests help prevent cervical cancer -- the Pap test and the HPV test.
Cervical cancer can also be prevented by the HPV vaccines, which protect against the types of HPV that most commonly cause cervical cancer.
HPV vaccines offer the greatest health benefit to persons who receive all 3 doses before they are exposed to HPV through sexual activity.
Routine HPV vaccination is recommended for girls and boys at age 11 or 12 years. Vaccination also is recommended for females through age 26 years and for males through age 21 years who have not been vaccinated previously.
Any man who has sex with other men, and men with compromised immune systems (including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection ), also may be vaccinated through age 26 years.
All women are at risk for cervical cancer, however it most often occurs in women over age 30.
For women aged 21 years and older, regardless of whether they have received the HPV vaccine, the best way to prevent cervical cancer is to get routine cervical cancer screening, as recommended.
Start the New Year right—call your doctor today to discuss the HPV vaccine, cervical cancer screening, or to schedule a Pap smear.
Here are some simple things you can do to promote cervical cancer prevention this month:
1. Share CDC’s “Protect Your Daughters from Cervical Cancer” feature on your social media platforms.
2. Place CDC’s ready-to-publish articles for parents in your newsletters, on your website, or in local news outlets to educate parents on the importance of getting the HPV vaccine for their children.
3. Place CDC’s new ready-to-publish article for clinicians in venues reaching pediatricians who serve Latino populations.
4. Work with cancer organizations to get them to distribute these materials to their constituents.